Glossary

It can be difficult to feel informed and able to manage your condition when you are overwhelmed about the acronyms and terms related to medical conditions.

To help, we’ve put together definitions for the most commonly used sleep, oxygen and respiratory terms.

Home Oxygen

  • Adaptive Servo-Ventilation

    Adaptive Servo-Ventilation

    Inspiratory positive airway pressure (IPAP) is adjusted for each inspiration with a goal to maintain a moving target ventilation set at 90% of the patient’s recent average minute ventilation.

  • Arterial Blood Gas (ABG)

    Arterial Blood Gas

    ABG

    Arterial blood gas (ABG) refers to the levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood, from an artery. ABG test results help your doctor understand how well your lungs move oxygen into and remove carbon dioxide from your bloodstream.

  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

    Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    COPD

    COPD stands for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. COPD is not one disease; it consists of several respiratory diseases. The most common forms of COPD are emphysema and chronic bronchitis. COPD is characterized by progressive shortness of breath, chronic cough, and mucous production.

  • Client Service Coordinator (CSC)

    Client Service Coordinator

    CSC

    Experts in client management, their most important responsibility is to stay in touch with RANA’s various clients to ensure that services are provided in a timely manner. In addition, the coordinator will make sure that each client is satisfied with RANA’s service and products.

  • Electronic Medical Record (EMR)

    Electronic Medical Record

    EMR

    An electronic medical record (EMR) is an office-based system that enables a health care professional, such as a family doctor, to record the information gathered during a patient's visit. This information might include a person's weight, blood pressure and clinical information, and would previously have been hand-written and stored in a file folder in a doctor's office.

  • Home Oxygen Professional

    Home Oxygen Professional

    RANA’s home oxygen professionals are oxygen technicians and registered respiratory therapists who are specially trained to take care of all your home oxygen needs. Visiting your home, they set up and ensure you understand your home oxygen system then assess your oxygen therapy and maintain your equipment on an ongoing basis.

  • Oxygen Concentrator (OC)

    Oxygen Concentrator

    OC

    An oxygen concentrator produces and delivers medical grade oxygen by:

    • pulling air from the surrounding room air in the concentrator
    • removing nitrogen from that air to create medical grade oxygen
    • sending that oxygen through a flowmeter to you via a nasal cannula or a mask
  • Oxygen Conserving Device (OCD)

    Oxygen Conserving Device

    OCD

    An oxygen conserving device (OCD) attaches to all portable oxygen cylinders, delivering oxygen only when you breathe in, therefore conserving the amount of oxygen you use. With an OCD you can travel longer and use either smaller or fewer portable cylinders.

  • Portable Oxygen Concentrator (POC)

    Portable Oxygen Concentrator

    POC

    A portable oxygen concentrator (POC) works like your home oxygen concentrator by extracting oxygen from room air, but it fits in a space about the size of a small suitcase.

  • Registered Nurse (RN)

    Registered Nurse

    RN

    Registered Nurse (RN).

  • Registered Respiratory Therapist (RRT)

    Registered Respiratory Therapist

    RRT

    Respiratory therapists (RTs) are highly skilled healthcare professionals. They care for patients by evaluating, treating, and maintaining cardiopulmonary (heart and lung) function. Respiratory therapists have specialized medical expertise and use advanced medical technology. They are educated to treat all age groups, from newborns to the elderly.

Pulmonary Function

  • Client Service Coordinator (CSC)

    Client Service Coordinator

    CSC

    Experts in client management, their most important responsibility is to stay in touch with RANA’s various clients to ensure that services are provided in a timely manner. In addition, the coordinator will make sure that each client is satisfied with RANA’s service and products.

  • Electronic Medical Record (EMR)

    Electronic Medical Record

    EMR

    An electronic medical record (EMR) is an office-based system that enables a health care professional, such as a family doctor, to record the information gathered during a patient's visit. This information might include a person's weight, blood pressure and clinical information, and would previously have been hand-written and stored in a file folder in a doctor's office.

Sleep Care

  • Auto-adjusting Positive Airway Pressure (APAP)

    Auto-adjusting Positive Airway Pressure

    APAP

    Similar to CPAP, however the pressure level is adjusted according to proprietary algorithms to minimize apneas or hypopnea events related to airway obstruction. Minimum and maximum pressures are set by the therapist/clinician.

  • Auto-titrating Bilevel Positive Airway Pressure

    Auto-titrating Bilevel Positive Airway Pressure

    An advanced Bilevel machine where inspiratory (IPAP) and expiratory (EPAP) positive airway pressure are adjusted based on proprietary algorithms to minimize airway obstructive events.

  • Bilevel Positive Airway Pressure (BiPAP)

    Bilevel Positive Airway Pressure

    BiPAP

    Similar to CPAP, however two different airway pressures are used during the respiratory cycle, inspiratory (IPAP) and expiratory (EPAP) positive airway pressure.

  • Client Service Coordinator (CSC)

    Client Service Coordinator

    CSC

    Experts in client management, their most important responsibility is to stay in touch with RANA’s various clients to ensure that services are provided in a timely manner. In addition, the coordinator will make sure that each client is satisfied with RANA’s service and products.

  • Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP)

    Continuous Positive Airway Pressure

    CPAP

    A simple mechanical aid (machine) that keeps your airway pressure at set value throughout your respiratory cycle. It is the gold standard used for treating obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).

  • Electronic Medical Record (EMR)

    Electronic Medical Record

    EMR

    An electronic medical record (EMR) is an office-based system that enables a health care professional, such as a family doctor, to record the information gathered during a patient's visit. This information might include a person's weight, blood pressure and clinical information, and would previously have been hand-written and stored in a file folder in a doctor's office.

  • Expiratory Positive Airway Pressure (EPAP)

    Expiratory Positive Airway Pressure

    EPAP

    Expiratory positive airway pressure is the level of positive airway pressure (PAP) applied when you breathe out while attached to a PAP machine, such as CPAP and Bilevel PAP.

  • Inspiratory Positive Airway Pressure (IPAP)

    Inspiratory Positive Airway Pressure

    IPAP

    Inspiratory positive airway pressure is the level of positive airway pressure (PAP) applied when you breathe in while attached to a PAP machine, such as CPAP and Bilevel PAP.

  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA)

    Obstructive Sleep Apnea

    OSA

    Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) means your breathing stops several times during sleep due to the collapse of tissues in your upper airway. This blockage stops your breathing and prevents air from getting to your lungs, which reduces the oxygen to your body.

  • Oral Appliance

    Oral Appliance

    An oral appliance fits partially or completely in your mouth. These appliances look similar to orthodontic retainers or athletic mouth guards. Oral appliance therapy effectively treats snoring and mild to moderate sleep apnea.

  • Sleep Apnea

    Sleep Apnea

    An apnea is a complete or partial airway obstruction, lasting 10 seconds or more, that stops breathing (also referred to as pauses in breathing).

    An obstruction is concerning because it sets off a cascade of events in our body to open the airway back up. These events, when repeated throughout the course of the night for years, can contribute or lead to serious medical conditions.

  • Sleep Clinician

    Sleep Clinician

    Sleep clinicians treat a number of breathing difficulties occurring during sleep also known as Sleep Disordered Breathing (SDB). SDB can range from frequent loud snoring to Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA).

  • Sleep-Disordered Breathing (SDB)

    Sleep-Disordered Breathing

    SDB

    Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is a general term that includes several chronic conditions that cause disruptions to breathing (pauses or stops), many times throughout the night.

    These pauses in breathing may result in daytime sleepiness or fatigue that interfere with a person’s ability to function and reduces their quality of life. Symptoms may include snoring, pauses in breathing described by bed partners, and disturbed, restless sleep.

    Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is by far the most common form of sleep-disordered breathing, and is associated with many other health risks, such as increased blood pressure, and an increased risk of stroke.

  • Tidal Volume

    Tidal Volume

    The normal volume of air you displace between normal inhalation and exhalation.

  • Volume-assured Pressure Support

    Volume-assured Pressure Support

    Inspiratory positive airway pressure (IPAP) is adjusted to achieve a target tidal volume set by the therapist/clinician to correct hypoventilation.

  • Volume-controlled Ventilation

    Volume-controlled Ventilation

    A form of mechanical ventilation in which flow rate, inspired oxygen, positive end-expiratory pressure, respiratory rate, and tidal volume are preset and delivered to the patient.